History and Future of Medical Technology TOC


Better Living through Biomedical Engineering    1
The Hidden World    6
Medicine’s First Power Users    31
Fantastic Voyage    54
Human Electricity    85
The First Cyborgs    106
Wireless Chemistry    129
The Nuclear Option    155
Listening to the Body    178
Repair or Replace? Part I    199
Repair or Replace? Part II    229
The Vision Thing    255
Technology with Real Teeth    278
Bodies in Cyberspace    288
Glossary    307
Bibliography    327
Figures

Figure 1 Chromatic aberration    13
Figure 2 Spherical aberration    14
Figure 3 Lens systems    17
Figure 4 Compound microscope    21
Figure 5 Transmission electron microscope    26
Figure 6 Scanning electron microscope    27
Figure 7 Helmholtz’s ophthalmoscope    58
Figure 8 Hopkins’ rod-lens system for endoscopes    61
Figure 9 Early x-ray tube    67
Figure 10 Electromagnetic spectrum    69
Figure 11 Pupin’s fluorescent screen solution    73
Figure 12 Bucky-Potter grid    75
Figure 13 Two dimensional example of Radon’s “back projection”    77
Figure 14 Capillary electrometer    94
Figure 15 Normal electrocardiogram    98
Figure 16 String galvanometer    100
Figure 17 Stern-Gerlach experiment    133
Figure 18 Nuclear magnetic resonance    141
Figure 19 Longitudinal relaxation time, T1    144
Figure 20 Transversal relaxation time, T2    145
Figure 21 Alpha, beta, positron, and gamma radiation    163
Figure 22 A mode, B mode, and M mode ultrasound    188
Figure 23 The caged ball mechanical heart valve    226
Figure 24 Cochlear implant    244
Figure 25 Prosthetic hip and knee joints    249
Figure 26 Amplification by stimulated emission    267